Julia Eileen Gillard (born 29 September 1961) is an Australian politician who has been the 27th Prime Minister of Australia and the Leader of the Australian Labor Party since 24 June 2010. She is the first woman to hold either office.
In 1998, Gillard was elected to the House of Representatives of the Parliament of Australia. After the transition to the opposition Labor Party, Gillard was Shadow Minister for Population and Immigration (2001-03), Shadow Minister for Health (2003-06) and Deputy Leader of the Opposition (2006-07). After the victory in parliamentary elections in 2007 Gillard became the Deputy Prime Minister. In addition, she was entrusted to manage the new department, which included just three ministerial posts (Education, Employment and Workplace Relations).
Among the significant actions of Gillard as prime minister:
• she has ensured that 35% of the seats in the party list were assigned to women;
• allocated nearly $ 300 million to work with the population, which is subject to suicide and depression;
• advocated for censoring the Internet, so that people do not have "free access to the scenes of violence";
• plans to initiate a referendum on the introduction of the section in the Constitution to recognize Aboriginal separate cultural community that is planning to consolidate their legal right to cultural autonomy.